Turner Syndrome

Also known as

  • Ullrich Turner Syndrome

This condition affects only females Syndrome occurs where one X chromosome is either missing or damaged. The most common feature of Turner syndrome is short stature.

Condition details

At birth females have: swollen lymphatic hands and feet, drooping eyelids, low hair growth at nape of neck, faint or v. small nipples, barrel-shaped chest. May have "hole in heart" or other complications involving kidney. Short spade shaped finger and toenails. Slightly a-typical angle of arms, shortened limbs. Symptoms include spontaneous withering of fallopian tubes in-utero, no normal hormone production, lack of growth hormone, so small in size (average untreated: 1,44m), Most girls and women with Turner syndrome have normal intelligence. Developmental delays, nonverbal learning disabilities, and behavioral problems are possible, although these characteristics vary among affected individuals.

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Photos of affected individuals

Click images to enlarge.

  • No baby imageBaby
  • No toddler imageToddler
  • No child 4-10 imageChild 4-10
  • No child 10-18 imageChild 10-18
  • No adult imageAdult

Typical age range of first manifestation

  • Can manifest in Baby
  • Does not manifest in Toddler
  • Does not manifest in Child 4-10
  • Can manifest in Child 10-18
  • Does not manifest in Adult


Child 4-10
Lay terms Clinical terms
  • Short stature
Child 10-18
Lay terms Clinical terms
  • do not go through puberty

Affected genes identified to date

Inheritance patterns

Are carriers affected?

As turner syndrome causes sterility, it can not be inherited. It is a random genetic disorder.

How many are affected?

1 in 2,000

Support groups and organisations

Arlene Smith
Turner Syndrome Support Society
Tel 01419 528006

Known experts

No experts found

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